Cornwall Coast Path/photo courtesy of www.jordanweeks.com

Sunday, 3 May 2015

Running Injury Statistics

          Running is promoted as a great exercise for becoming fit and healthy, for prolonging our lives and preventing or recovering from western lifestyle diseases. Unfortunately running is also associated with a very high percentage of injuries. 

          Because running is so good for our health it is very important to prevent injuries that restrict our ability to run (Fields, Sykes, Walker, & Jackson, 2010).

          The fact that running is a natural form of human locomotion appears to be at odds with the
injury figures. It is therefore important to establish which are the common injuries associated with running and whether they can be prevented.

          Statistics from the NZ Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) show a total of claims for
July 2012-June 2013 in excess of 29,000. Total cost for that year is $6.6m. These figures relate to all injuries incurred while jogging. 

          When isolating the injury search criteria to the ankle, foot, lower
leg and toes, the statistics show almost 15,000 for the same period for a total cost exceeding $2.3m.

Detailed statistics dating back to 2008 (www.acc.co.nz) are shown in Table 1.

Table 1.
Financial Year New Claims Active Claims Total Cost
Jul 2008 – Jun 2009 5991 6935 $2,476,667
Jul 2009 – Jun 2010 5927 7106 $2,232,642
Jul 2010 – Jun 2011 5521 7106 $1,885,636
Jul 2011 – Jun 2012 6092 7092 $2,042,763
Jul 2012 – Jun 2013 6756 7920 $2,343,444
New and Active Claims for Running Related Injuries to Ankle, Foot, Lower Leg & Toes (adapted from ACC, 03/2014)

          Clearly, jogging as a form of healthy exercise is proving very injurious for many people.

          There have been various studies on injury rates in runners. Daoud, Geissler, Wang, Saretsky, Daoud, & Lieberman (2012) found that of the runners studied, 74% experienced moderate or serious injury each year. The most common injuries were: muscle strains (21.5%), medial tibial stress syndrome (13.8%), knee pain (7.7%), iliotibial band syndrome (7.2%) and Achilles tendinopathies (6.6%).

          A study by Dias Lopes, Hespanhol Junior, Yeung, & Pena Costa, (2012) determined that the most frequent running-related injury among long distance runners was the medial tibia stress syndrome (shin splints), followed by achilles tendinopathy and plantar fasciitis.

          Most injuries involved the knee (7.2%-50%), lower leg (9%-32.2%), foot (5.7%-39.3%) or
thigh (3.4%-38.1%). Their study analyzed eight previous studies which included 3500 marathon and ultra marathon runners.

         The most common injuries according to Gallo, Plakke, & Silvis (2012) are the medial tibial stress syndrome (4.9%), achilles tendinopothy (4.8%), tibial stress fractures (3.3%) and gastroc/soleus strains/tears (1.3%).

References

The Accident Compensation Corporation.


Daoud, A. I., Geissler, G. J., Wang, F., Saretsky, J., Daoud, Y. A., & Lieberman, D. E. (2012). Foot             strike and injury rates in endurance runners: a retrospective study. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(7),           1325-34.

Dias Lopes, A., Hespanhol Junior, L., Yeung, S. S., & Pena Costa, L. (2012). What are the Main                   Running-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries? Sports Medicine, 42(10), 891-905.

Fields, K. B., Sykes, J. C., Walker, K. M., & Jackson, J. C. (2010). Prevention of running injuries.                 Current sports medicine reports, 9(3), 176-182.

Gallo, R. A., Plakke, M., & Silvis, M. L. (2012). Common Leg Injuries of Long-Distance Runners               Anatomical and Biomechanical Approach. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 4(6),           485-495.






2 comments:

  1. My doctor recommended a golf ball muscle roller for my shin splints, great tool for massaging, worked surprisingly very well helped and me recover faster than any other treatment! trust me your going to want to check it out! If you want to find out how your shin splints actually cause so many problems in the foot and ankle stay tuned to my blog (http://never-never-never-give-up.com).

    Good luck!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks Gary - massage is of course very useful for addressing the symptoms but only by treating the underlying cause of shinsplints will the issue be permanently erased. Runners that present with shin splints have seen the problem disappear once their technique has been corrected from that of an overstriding heelstriker to landing fore foot with increased cadence, improved posture and efficient biomechanics. I certainly use massage regularly with many clients, especially during the transitioning phase in order to assist their adaptation, especially the lower leg structures. Thanks for the comments!

    ReplyDelete